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Bone Loss

Most people lose bone mass after the age of 30 and the rate of bone loss accelerates to 2 times as rapid by the age of 40. By the age of 50, bone loss can increase up to 3 times as fast!

Unfortunately for all of us, our bone health deteriorates after peak bone mass is acquired or the age of 30 to 35 years. This deterioration accelerates as we age, to the point where our bones become less dense and weak. In older people, weak bones may lead to osteoporosis.

One out of two women over age 50 will sustain an osteoporosis-related fracture in her lifetime.

Healthy Bone

Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility. It often progresses without symptoms until a fracture occurs, usually in the hip, spine or wrist. Osteoporosis can lead to pain, disability and, in some cases, even death. Osteoporosis is extremely common. In fact, one out of two women over age 50 will sustain an osteoporosis-related fracture in her lifetime.

Osteoporosis affects middle-aged and older persons, especially those with a family history of fragile bones in later years.


with Osteoporosis

Faktor Risiko Termasuk yang Tidak Boleh Diubah Suai dan Boleh Diubah Suai & Modifiable

Non-Modifiable Modifiable

Advancing Age

Ethnic Group (Oriental & Caucasian)

Female Gender

Premature menopause (<45 years) including surgical menopause

Family history of osteoporotic hip fracture in first degree relative

Personal history of fracture as an adult

Low calcium and/or Vitamin D intake

Sedentary lifestyle

Cigarette smoking

Excessive alcohol intake
( > than 2 standard drinks / day(women)
 > than 3 standard drinks /day(men))

Excessive caffeine intake

Low body weight (BMI < 19kg / m2)

Estrogen deficiency

Impaired vision

Recurrent falls

Men are also susceptible to osteoporosis 

Although osteoporosis mainly affects women, more than 2 million men have the disease. In fact, one-third of men over the age of 75 have osteoporosis - and one in eight over the age of 50 suffer fractures related to this disease. After age 65, hip fractures are often more serious in men than in women. Men have a 26% higher death rate within a year after a hip fracture than women.

Warning signs in men include a change in posture and sudden back pain. However, the most common way osteoporosis is diagnosed in men is by a reduction in height or a fracture.

You can decrease your chances of getting osteoporosis by

  •  Eating a balanced diet
  • Avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Consuming adequate Calcium and Vitamin D from diet and supplements if needed
  • Doing weight-bearing exercises such as walking, jogging, hiking and dancing

Consult your healthcare professional if you are concerned.